Implantable RF telemetry for cardiac monitoring in the murine heart: a tutorial review
Western University, Electrical and Computer Engineering, London, Ontario, N6A 5B9, Canada
EURASIP Journal on Embedded Systems 2013, 2013:1 doi:10.1186/1687-3963-2013-1Published: 11 March 2013
Research and development of implantable RF telemetry systems intended specifically to enable and support cardiac monitoring of genetically engineered small animal subjects, rats and mice in particular, has already gained significant momentum. This article presents the state of the art review of experimental cardiac monitoring telemetry systems, with strong accent on the systems designed to work with a dual pressure–volume conductance-based catheter sensor. These commercially available devices are already small enough to fit inside a left-ventricle of a mouse heart. However, if the complete system is to be fully implanted and the subject allowed to freely move inside a cage, the mouse’s small body size sets harsh constrains on the size and power consumption of the required electronics. Consequently, significant portion of the research efforts is directed towards the development of low-volume and -power electronics, as well as RF energy harvesting systems that are required to serve as the energy source to the implanted telemetry instead of the relatively very bulky batteries.